|Awarded On||December 05, 2012|
|Title||Impact of Health Insurance on Racial Disparities in Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, Treatment and Survival in Texas|
|Award Mechanism||Individual Investigator|
|Institution/Organization||The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston|
|Principal Investigator/Program Director||Xianglin L Du|
|Cancer Sites||Breast, Colorectal|
Few studies exist which have quantified how health insurance and socioeconomic factors contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in cancer screening, treatment, supportive care, end of life care, and survival. None of these studies have been conducted in Texas. Ironically, Texas has the highest percentage (25.7%) of uninsured persons in the nation, and the uninsured rate among Hispanics is 44.2% which is more than double the uninsured rate of other racial/ethnic groups in Texas. Similarly, Texas ranks consistently low in the national rankings for median family income and education level, and ranks 45th in the nation in the number of physicians per 100,000 population. Therefore, it is critical...